Researchers at the UK Center for Health Services Research (CHSR) will use a $4.5 million award to address the health-related social needs of vulnerable patients across the Commonwealth.
The award comes from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and establishes the Kentucky Consortium for Accountable Health Communities (KC-AHC).
Over the next five years, principal investigator and director of the CHSR Dr. Mark V. Williams, along with co-principal investigator Dr. Jing Li, is partnering with the Kentucky Primary Care Association, Appalachian Regional Health, Norton Healthcare and Kentucky HomePlace.
This collaboration will work across 27 counties in Appalachia and the Louisville Metro area to collect information from Medicare and Medicaid patients about unmet social needs that impact their health.
The partnership between Kentucky Primary Care Association and CHSR came from “a shared understanding of what is involved in maintaining the health of the patients we serve, which are beyond medical, dental and mental health services,” said Joseph Smith, chief executive officer of the association.
Identifying gaps in care
The KC-AHC will implement patient screening for health-related social needs in various healthcare delivery sites, provide community service referrals and offer patient navigation for identified needs.
The goal of this research is to reduce the use of healthcare services for issues that can be addressed by existing social programs.
Changing the approach to care in this way would more easily enable patients in Appalachia and Jefferson County to access the information and assistance they need in their own communities. This is a vitally important goal of UK and UK HealthCare.
“At UK HealthCare, we believe Kentuckians should be able to receive the best in care without ever leaving the state,” said Dr. Michael Karpf, UK executive vice president for health affairs. “With this award from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, our researchers will have the opportunity to identify where gaps exist in the care that residents of Appalachia may be experiencing.”
Addressing social needs that impact health
There are many factors that can contribute to poor health, but many are best addressed using existing community-based services.
These social factors include housing instability, food insecurity, interpersonal violence and lack of transportation, which are focus areas for the KC-AHC and CMS.
Unfortunately, patients experience many barriers in accessing existing programs to address these hardships, including lack of awareness and resources to locate appropriate services, low health literacy, and even geographic and distance barriers in the Appalachian region of Kentucky.
“This award – and the research being done with it – will allow physicians to better address the health and social needs of the patients they serve,” said Mark D. Birdwhistell, vice president for administration and external affairs for UK HealthCare. “Addressing those needs on the front lines of care will be critical for reducing the burden of health disparities, especially confronted by patients in Eastern Kentucky and Appalachia.”
One important aspect of the project is ensuring these communities can continue to identify social needs and link patients to appropriate services after the funding has ended. Williams and Li will engage communities to identify leaders who can help connect local social resources to patients identified as high utilizers of healthcare, or those who seek treatment in the emergency room three or more times per year.
“This isn’t money being spent solely on a research project,” Williams said. “We want to integrate these efforts into the healthcare of the community and ensure sustainability.”
CHSR has been approved as a Track 3 participant, the highest level of participation in the Accountable Health Communities model developed by CMS. This track emphasizes community participation, including assistance from community members in identifying social services available in the region and training navigators who can assist patients in accessing services.
This award will not only help meet the research goals of CHSR, but the goals of the Kentucky Department for Public Health.
“A major goal of the Department for Public Health is better cooperation among medical and health professionals and their organizations,” said Dr. Hiram Polk, commissioner of the department. “This seems like a step in the correct direction.”
- The Center for Health Services Research at UK works to address community and social factors that impact the health and wellness of Kentuckians. Learn more.
- A new facility being built on the UK HealthCare campus brings researchers together to tackle some of the most pressing health concerns in Kentucky. Find out more about Research Building 2, which is scheduled to open next year.